Title: Astroparticle Physics and Green Communication and Networking: a Symbiosis
Experiments and data communication in Astroparticle Physics is probably the more demanding field in data acquisition, communication and networking aspects in the most varied situations, some of them in very adverse environments and with serious constrains of power availability and data transmission. We can realize it in examples, such as ANTARES and KM3NeT deep-sea neutrino telescopes. In these facilities, thousands of optical sensors and other instrumentation monitor synchronously at the nanosecond level volumes of water of the cubic kilometer in order to search for signals from high energy neutrinos and discriminate it from a much larger optical background. Due to its location (at sea, few kilometres depth), there are serious constrains in terms of power and communication transmission. A large effort is being made to overcome these difficulties that result in efficient systems and techniques that are promising advances in green communication and networking. The situation is not very different in other astroparticle experiments, such as neutrinos telescopes in deep-ice in the Antarctica (Icecube), very large arrays to detect ultra-high energy cosmic rays (Auger) or gammas (CTA), and even in the space (Fermi, JEM-Euso). The situation is even more demanding with new initiatives, such as the Global Neutrino Observatory or the Astrophysical Multimessenger Observatory Network, which tries to distributes data and information between these experiments and other astrophysical telescopes distributed all over the world, both online and off-line, to enhance the potential of discoveries and understanding of our Universe. Data must be handled and efficiently distributed over thousands of scientists and engineers for a right analysis, keeping into consideration aspects such as confidentiality, right levels, etc. On the other hand, any advance in Green Communication and Networking technologies is of great use in astroparticle physics in order to increase the potential of ongoing experiments and design the future ones. Therefore, astroparticles physics can be a very good partner and customer to test new developments in this area.
Miguel Ardid is Associate Professor at the Applied Physics Department of Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV). He is leading a research group that applies sensor system technologies for Astroparticle Physics, with special emphasis in acoustic techniques in marine neutrino telescopes. He has been the main researcher in UPV of two European research projects related to KM3NeT, a deep-sea infrastructure in the Mediterranean Sea with a double objective: a neutrino telescope and a marine observatory. He is also the main researcher of several Spanish projects to contribute to the marine neutrino telescopes ANTARES and KM3NeT. He is also responsible of the UPV participation in the “Multimessenger approach for dark matter detection” Spanish Consortium, and in the COUPP experiment, one of the top American experiments for direct dark matter detection. He has been the calibration coordinator of KM3NeT during the Design Study, is coordinating the acoustic positioning activities in ANTARES, and the working group in direct dark matter detection in Multidark. He is member of the boards of ANTARES, KM3NeT, Multidark and COUPP Collaborations. He has published about 50 SCI/JCR indexed research papers, having received more than 100 citations during 2012.